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5 Ways Alcohol Hinders Fat Loss!
It was also common at weddings and baptismal parties, though in limited quantity due to its high price. Everyday Detox allows you to have a hands-on approach to your meals. In some cases the lavishness of noble tables was outdone by Benedictine monasteries, which served as many as sixteen courses during certain feast days. A New World History. Taking weight off and keeping it off are two different things. These changes include weight loss, exercise, and drinking alcohol only in moderation.

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Choose a version, that has a smaller cooking surface such as this one, to encourage portion control. Some extreme dieters will even eat raw meat, but this is definitely not recommended because of health risks.

One major theory behind the raw food diet is that essential nutrients are destroyed in the processing procedures. The diet also teaches that processing alters the chemical structure of food which can negatively affect your health. This diet is based on many of the same principals as the Paleolithic diet and the two diets are often used in a combination form.

Both diets are heavily focused on using fruits, vegetables, and herbs that have anti-inflammatory properties. This diet encourages the eating of fresh, organic fruits and vegetables; raw cheeses and milk; plain yogurt; fermented vegetables; raw honey; and raw nuts.

Focusing on a diet that is based on reducing inflammation such as a raw food diet, can be incredibly beneficial for people with sleep apnea.

In fact, one case study showed a year-old man who had suffered from OSA his whole life proved just that. After only 3 months of dietary management, the patient no longer required a CPAP machine.

He reported sleeping 6 hours without interruption during the night. Based on this clinical case study, it was found that dietary modifications such as incorporating anti-inflammatory foods are an effective tool to improve OSA.

You may want to consider this natural method to manage your obstructive sleep apnea with diet before choosing a more evasive approach. Our team has compiled a list of diet products that will aid you on your raw food journey to curing your sleep apnea for good.

Choose one of these items to help give you the boost you need to stay on track throughout the course of your diet:. Laura-Jane has been creating and perfecting satisfying raw recipes to match your busy lifestyle since Most recipes on the Rawtarian menu can be ready to go in less than 15 minutes. Use the videos, recipes, course material and ebooks for tips and tricks on how to make the most out of your raw diet. Monthly challenges and private forums keep you interactive on the site and provide both accountability and support.

A shopping list and meal plan are also provided. This diet focuses on anti-inflammatory ingredients that help with digestion. Keep in mind though, some ingredients may be seasonal or difficult to find in your area. This lovely cookbook is jam-packed with useful info on how to maintain a healthy plant-based life. Gorgeous pictures accompany just about every recipe and inspire you to create your own version.

Included in The Fully Raw Diet are raw food recipes for soups, dips, meals, and desserts. Use the Rawtarian Meal Plan App as your daily guide. Choose one of 6 weekly or monthly meal plans and off you go.

The app provides a weekly shopping list with checklist , and simple to prepare meals. All recipes include zoomable photos and allow for comments. Hopefully, down the line, this will be a feature they add. A fruit and veggie juicer like this one from Nutri Stahl will play a major role in your raw food diet. Having a decent one will be an amazing help as well as a time saver.

Many raw food recipe books call for both a juicer when making soups, sauces, and well, juice. Choosing a high-end appliance will keep you on track with your goals and financially vested. This Juicer allows you to have commercial quality from your own kitchen.

It juices fruits and vegetables in a flash and is super easy to clean. One drawback to this juicer is it tends to be a little louder than some others on the market.

If you have a little one in the house, you may want to opt for another brand. The basis of a vegetarian or vegan diet is that it greatly limits the eating of any meat product and is considered to be a good way to lose weight. Meat products tend to be high in calories, and that sets up a scenario for gaining weight.

For a vegetarian, meat products include pork, beef, fish and chicken. While eating no meat is a basic vegetarian practice, there are three major styles of the vegetarian diet:. Lacto-ovo vegetarian dieters eat eggs and dairy products. Lacto vegetarian dieters eat dairy products; and.

Ovo vegetarian dieters eat eggs. This diet allows you to eat unlimited amounts of carbohydrates, fruits, and vegetables and depending on your diet style, you may also eat eggs, dairy products, or both. On the other hand, a vegan diet is much more severe in that it prohibits eating any form of animal products. Well-balanced vegetarian diets are also advantageous because they provide the dieter with more complex carbohydrates , dietary fiber, vitamins C and E along with many other necessary nutrients.

A plant-based diet can be a great way to lose weight with the proper motivation. Pick and choose what items will help keep you a happy, healthy veg-head! Created by Neal Barnard M. You will receive a Day Vegan KickStart meal plan, lots of tips and recipes to keep you on track and a community forum to keep you accountable to your goals.

The Physicians Committee for Responsible Medicine has many additional resources that can help you learn to start a plant-based lifestyle. Although a plant-based lifestyle can be extremely beneficial to your health, especially when trying to lose weight, it may be lacking in some vital nutrients your body needs. You might want to consider taking vitamins and supplements when you start a vegan diet.

The Vegetarian Weight Loss Lifestyle Collection guides you through the ins and outs of healthy nutrition. This book is packed with recipes that have obviously be tested and perfected. This book is a great addition for anyone that wants to lose weight, whether you are already vegetarian or not.

Forks Over Knives teaches you that the right foods can be the right medicine for whatever ails you. Before diving into the initial recipes its expands on the fundamentals of cooking and goes into different methods of cooking from around the world.

HappyCow has been around as an online website since Finally, you can now download their app which covers over countries so you can find vegetarian and vegan restaurants near you with the touch of a button.

Search the huge database for grocery stores, restaurants that are devoted to plant-based diets, and even find restaurants that have vegetarian-friendly menus.

Plant-based meals require a little effort in the kitchen. This chopper includes 5 interchangeable blades that allow you to make anything from carrot sticks to french fries and even zucchini spaghetti. While these may not be the best of the best proven diets for sleep apnea today, they might be tomorrow. Each of the following sleep apnea diet plans are either currently undergoing clinical trials or are known to promote eating loads of specific foods that help sleep apnea patients.

Some of these diets may not be proven to work specifically for those with sleep apnea yet, but what they are known for is helping you shed pounds, which is a good start right there. But a detox diet CAN be an excellent place to start before embarking on a proven diet. More on that in a moment…. A detox program is based on the theory that extensive fasting and large consumption of liquids will eliminate bodily-trapped toxins that contribute to excess weight.

The detox regimen is intended to let the body burn its own excess fat storage and thereby eliminate any trapped problem foods. This type of diet may help you to rapidly lose some weight, but it is very hard to sustain as it is very restrictive and leaves most people feeling hungry and fatigued. A detox program can help you jump start your weight loss before using one of the 6 best diets described above. You should not use this type of program if you have health issues such as diabetes or even thyroid problems without the okay from your doctor.

This diet may affect your blood sugar levels. Doing a detox too quickly to lose weight can be harder than other traditional diets. Use one or all of these tools to complete your end goal:. Total Wellness Cleanse is a reality-based detox program that has a more flexible approach than some.

The first step focuses on stopping cravings, the second introduces solid food into your system like fruits and veggies, the third restores you cell function. Losing weight quickly through a detox such as this one could be a great starter for anyone with wanting to break the cycle of obstructive sleep apnea and being overweight.

Eating Clean guides you on your path to losing weight and resetting your body. Included is a day elimination detox, 2-week meal plan and a pantry list. Also included are loads of helpful tips and encouragement to keep you on track. The meals, most of which are vegan, keep you full and satisfied on your journey and can be used once the detox is completed as well. Everyday Detox allows you to have a hands-on approach to your meals.

You can get as granular as making your own coconut milk or opt to purchase those items pre-made. This book allows you to detox naturally with real food.

The author provides practical strategies to an overall healthy approach to weight loss. Keep in mind, many of the recipes in this cookbook require high-end kitchen equipment to complete, such as a high-speed blender.

The Get Juiced App is a great help to those that want to commit to a detox diet for sleep apnea relief. Not only are there hundreds of recipes to choose from, but the app will create a grocery list to make your life easier. Pick your juice randomly or opt to narrow down the search with ingredients you already have, or choose from one of their 6 collections. This Infuser Water Bottle might be just the fun twist you need to stay focused on your detox diet.

Try different fruit, herb, and veggie combinations to entice you to drink lots of fluids and stay hydrated throughout the detox. Curb your desire for unhealthy sugary drinks while on the go or at home with a flavorful cucumber mint water, or blueberry lime water. Dietitians have been touting the anti-aging effects and longer life expectancy associated with the Mediterranean diet for years.

One thing is clear though: A few things that are off the table when it comes to the Mediterranean diet include:. You may be thinking, weight gain might be an issue with this diet due to some of the key ingredients like olive oil and nuts, which can be high in fat. Many foods like olive oil and fish are low in saturated fats and can help reduce swelling.

Garlic, onion, nuts and certain grains are all known for their anti-inflammatory properties which can help reduce snoring. These guides and tools will aid you on your journey to a slimmer waist and a snore-free night. Relieving sleep apnea is possible with the Mediterranean diet and these tools will help keep you on track:. The eDiets online diet program is completely tailored to your individual needs.

You will be paired with a mentor for motivation and accountability and have access to registered dietitians via online chat.

Customize your chat by age, geography, lifestyle or even ailment, i. For those planning to lose weight with the Mediterranean diet and want a little extra encouragement from like-minded people, eDiets could be your best choice.

Michael Ozner has created a comprehensive guide to adopting the Mediterranean lifestyle. The author gives you a better understanding of how and why you should change your life with this diet.

While most of the recipes are easy to fit into your daily routine, some can be more difficult. Plus, you may occasionally find yourself enjoying pushing yourself to complete a more complicated menu. Each recipe has a detailed nutritional information and easy to follow directions. Even a novice cook can create great tasting meals quickly. You can lose weight and keep it off with over recipes provided in this cookbook.

The Mediterranean Diet Plan also includes a shopping list for your convenience as well as suggestions on items to replace, such as whole grain pasta for traditional. Everyone knows that the Mediterranean diet includes lots of, you guessed it, olive oil! Olive oil is super healthy for you when used in moderation. This olive oil bottle from Vremi allows you to precisely measure your oil consumption for better portion control. You can even add a mixture of vinegar and emulsify it with the press of a button for easy salad dressings.

This diet suggests that eating like our prehistoric ancestors will help you lose weight and maintain a healthier lifestyle. The Paleo diet focuses on foods that are high in proteins and fiber. Foods like fish, olive oil, and coco oil are low in saturated fat and are known for their anti-inflammatory properties. Refined oils like canola is also a no-no.

People following the Paleo diet are also asked to skip foods high in sodium. Foods that are high in sodium can increase swelling in your throat and worsen symptoms of sleep apnea, especially when consumed before bedtime. Cutting out processed foods and other high-sodium foods can help you lose weight as well as r educe inflammation in your throat. What little research has been done, however, is showing promising results.

Several trials suggest that the Paleo diet may be beneficial for weight loss and overall metabolic function. Following a Paleo diet on your own can often be time-consuming and somewhat confusing.

Use some of these items to stay on the right path. Pre-Made Paleo makes the transition to eating a completely caveman diet simple. Each meal is made by trained chefs and approved by nutrition experts who specialize in the Paleo diet.

Select a bundle package or opt to choose your favorite meals for a customized package. There are no meal plans with this diet program. For some, this can be an easy option for busy, on-the-go decisions. However, others prefer sticking to a meal plan for butter guidance throughout their diet. The pre-made paleo diet plan does not have any additional support or advice on how to transition into creating your own Paleo meals.

You may have to turn to community forums to create accountability for yourself. A great cookbook and guide for those interested in starting the Paleo diet. Practical Paleo teaches you everything you need to know about introducing real, whole foods into your diet. Diane gives you a day meal plan packed with great food and big, bright pictures. Sections are divided into recipes based on specific health issues. Beginner cooks will enjoy the easy to prepare meals and tips on taking your skills to the next level.

Advanced cooks may find some of the information provided somewhat rudimentary, however. This easy to use app is a handy resource for those wishing for a Paleo diet plan that will keep you accountable. The app is broken down into four groups based on your comfort level. Every meal plan has a breakdown for breakfast, lunch, dinner, snacks and even scrumptious desserts.

This day meal plan program to get started on your way to a healthier lifestyle. The Paleo Diet Plan is not as strict as some of the other apps out there, making it great for beginners.

After you learn the ropes of the Paleo diet with this app, you can move onto a stricter version. The Paleo diet is all about meat and vegetables. Many of the dishes can be quite complicated and time consuming to make.

Pop all of your meals into the crock pot before work or play and enjoy a healthy Paleo style meal in a few hours. Have a healthy meal for two, or just enough for leftovers for one person.

Make anything from Paleo style soups to meaty stews. There is a direct connection between your respiratory capabilities and your body weight , especially when any of your excess weight is carried in your abdomen, neck, and upper body. Well, all of that weight is also putting extra pressure on your breathing abilities when you lay down. Nearly all OSA sufferers who are overweight will benefit from losing excess body fat. People with mild or moderate OSA may even succeed in eliminating their sleep disorders.

Taking weight off and keeping it off are two different things. Losing weight can have a large impact on reducing sleep apnea symptoms. Keeping those unwanted pounds at bay is essential if you plan to have long-term relief from your OSA. No matter what diet plan you decide to go with to eliminate your sleep apnea symptoms, there are several tips that you can use to shed those initial pounds. Losing weight is more than just a simple diet.

Certain lifestyle changes can also have an impact on how successful you are at completing your weight loss goals. Incorporating some of these pointers into your daily routine can allow you to get the most out of your diet for sleep apnea.

Get friends and family involved in your diet plan as well. Instead of cleaning your plate, stop eating right before your no longer hungry. Staying hydrated is key when hitting weight loss goals.

Instead, add extra exercise when you can, such as parking further away at the grocery store. Experiencing the reward from meeting your goals will give you accountability and determination to keep going. Following these simple healthy habits can become routine and allow you to maintain a healthy weight in the long run.

Follow some of these healthy strategies for maintaining your ideal weight. You might just be surprised at how easy these simple changes are to live with. Minor setbacks are going to happen but punishing yourself for them can be more harmful than the actual setback. For more information on how to maintain a healthy weight, check out this informative YouTube video featuring 11 more ways you can keep weight off. When looking for foods that may help sleep apnea, try to find foods that are low in saturated fats, and have anti-inflammatory properties.

There are also foods that can worsen sleep apnea symptoms. The following foods and drinks are not recommended for people who suffer from OSA and especially should not be consumed directly before bedtime.

These foods can be harder to for your body to break down and digest. Your body will be more focused on digesting food than sleep. Meats that have a higher percentage of saturated fat can potentially increase inflammation in your body worsening your sleep apnea. Scattered domes stretched across Siberia and the Arctic shelf. The northern seas were frozen.

During the late Upper Paleolithic Latest Pleistocene c. According to Mark Lynas through collected data , the Pleistocene's overall climate could be characterized as a continuous El Niño with trade winds in the south Pacific weakening or heading east, warm air rising near Peru , warm water spreading from the west Pacific and the Indian Ocean to the east Pacific, and other El Niño markers.

The Paleolithic is often held to finish at the end of the ice age the end of the Pleistocene epoch , and Earth's climate became warmer. This may have caused or contributed to the extinction of the Pleistocene megafauna , although it is also possible that the late Pleistocene extinctions were at least in part caused by other factors such as disease and overhunting by humans.

The small populations were then hunted out by Paleolithic humans. The Wrangel Island population became extinct around the same time the island was settled by prehistoric humans. Nearly all of our knowledge of Paleolithic human culture and way of life comes from archaeology and ethnographic comparisons to modern hunter-gatherer cultures such as the! Kung San who live similarly to their Paleolithic predecessors. Human population density was very low, around only one person per square mile.

At the beginning of the Paleolithic, hominins were found primarily in eastern Africa, east of the Great Rift Valley. Most known hominin fossils dating earlier than one million years before present are found in this area, particularly in Kenya , Tanzania , and Ethiopia. Southern Caucasus was occupied by c. By the end of the Lower Paleolithic, members of the hominin family were living in what is now China, western Indonesia, and, in Europe, around the Mediterranean and as far north as England, southern Germany, and Bulgaria.

Their further northward expansion may have been limited by the lack of control of fire: East Asian fossils from this period are typically placed in the genus Homo erectus. Very little fossil evidence is available at known Lower Paleolithic sites in Europe, but it is believed that hominins who inhabited these sites were likewise Homo erectus.

There is no evidence of hominins in America, Australia, or almost anywhere in Oceania during this time period. Fates of these early colonists, and their relationships to modern humans, are still subject to debate. According to current archaeological and genetic models, there were at least two notable expansion events subsequent to peopling of Eurasia c. In the Middle Paleolithic, Neanderthals were present in the region now occupied by Poland.

Both Homo erectus and Homo neanderthalensis became extinct by the end of the Paleolithic. Descended from Homo Sapiens , the anatomically modern Homo sapiens sapiens emerged in eastern Africa c. Multiple hominid groups coexisted for some time in certain locations. Homo neanderthalensis were still found in parts of Eurasia c.

DNA studies also suggest an unknown degree of interbreeding between Homo sapiens sapiens and Homo sapiens denisova. Hominin fossils not belonging either to Homo neanderthalensis or to Homo sapiens species, found in the Altai Mountains and Indonesia, were radiocarbon dated to c.

For the duration of the Paleolithic, human populations remained low, especially outside the equatorial region.

Paleolithic humans made tools of stone, bone, and wood. Excavations in Gona, Ethiopia have produced thousands of artifacts, and through radioisotopic dating and magnetostratigraphy , the sites can be firmly dated to 2. Evidence shows these early hominins intentionally selected raw materials with good flaking qualities and chose appropriate sized stones for their needs to produce sharp-edged tools for cutting. The earliest Paleolithic stone tool industry, the Oldowan , began around 2.

It was completely replaced around , years ago by the more complex Acheulean industry, which was first conceived by Homo ergaster around 1. Lower Paleolithic humans used a variety of stone tools, including hand axes and choppers. Although they appear to have used hand axes often, there is disagreement about their use.

Interpretations range from cutting and chopping tools, to digging implements, to flaking cores, to the use in traps, and as a purely ritual significance, perhaps in courting behavior. Calvin has suggested that some hand axes could have served as "killer Frisbees " meant to be thrown at a herd of animals at a waterhole so as to stun one of them.

There are no indications of hafting , and some artifacts are far too large for that. Thus, a thrown hand axe would not usually have penetrated deeply enough to cause very serious injuries.

Nevertheless, it could have been an effective weapon for defense against predators. Choppers and scrapers were likely used for skinning and butchering scavenged animals and sharp-ended sticks were often obtained for digging up edible roots. Fire was used by the Lower Paleolithic hominins Homo erectus and Homo ergaster as early as , to 1.

The Lower Paleolithic Homo erectus possibly invented rafts c. However, this hypothesis is disputed within the anthropological community. In addition to improving tool making methods, the Middle Paleolithic also saw an improvement of the tools themselves that allowed access to a wider variety and amount of food sources. Harpoons were invented and used for the first time during the late Middle Paleolithic c.

During the Upper Paleolithic , further inventions were made, such as the net c. Archaeological evidence from the Dordogne region of France demonstrates that members of the European early Upper Paleolithic culture known as the Aurignacian used calendars c. This was a lunar calendar that was used to document the phases of the moon. Genuine solar calendars did not appear until the Neolithic.

The social organization of the earliest Paleolithic Lower Paleolithic societies remains largely unknown to scientists, though Lower Paleolithic hominins such as Homo habilis and Homo erectus are likely to have had more complex social structures than chimpanzee societies. Similarly, scientists disagree whether Lower Paleolithic humans were largely monogamous or polygynous.

Human societies from the Paleolithic to the early Neolithic farming tribes lived without states and organized governments. For most of the Lower Paleolithic, human societies were possibly more hierarchical than their Middle and Upper Paleolithic descendants, and probably were not grouped into bands , [50] though during the end of the Lower Paleolithic, the latest populations of the hominin Homo erectus may have begun living in small-scale possibly egalitarian bands similar to both Middle and Upper Paleolithic societies and modern hunter-gatherers.

Middle Paleolithic societies, unlike Lower Paleolithic and early Neolithic ones, consisted of bands that ranged from 20—30 or 25— members and were usually nomadic. Bands sometimes joined together into larger "macrobands" for activities such as acquiring mates and celebrations or where resources were abundant. Much evidence exists that humans took part in long-distance trade between bands for rare commodities such as ochre , which was often used for religious purposes such as ritual [51] [52] and raw materials, as early as , years ago in Middle Paleolithic.

Some sources claim that most Middle and Upper Paleolithic societies were possibly fundamentally egalitarian [3] [22] [38] [53] and may have rarely or never engaged in organized violence between groups i. Like contemporary egalitarian hunter-gatherers such as the Mbuti pygmies, societies may have made decisions by communal consensus decision making rather than by appointing permanent rulers such as chiefs and monarchs. Each member of the group was skilled at all tasks essential to survival, regardless of individual abilities.

Theories to explain the apparent egalitarianism have arisen, notably the Marxist concept of primitive communism. Kelly speculates that the relative peacefulness of Middle and Upper Paleolithic societies resulted from a low population density, cooperative relationships between groups such as reciprocal exchange of commodities and collaboration on hunting expeditions, and because the invention of projectile weapons such as throwing spears provided less incentive for war, because they increased the damage done to the attacker and decreased the relative amount of territory attackers could gain.

Anthropologists have typically assumed that in Paleolithic societies, women were responsible for gathering wild plants and firewood, and men were responsible for hunting and scavenging dead animals. Men may have participated in gathering plants, firewood and insects, and women may have procured small game animals for consumption and assisted men in driving herds of large game animals such as woolly mammoths and deer off cliffs.

Early examples of artistic expression, such as the Venus of Tan-Tan and the patterns found on elephant bones from Bilzingsleben in Thuringia , may have been produced by Acheulean tool users such as Homo erectus prior to the start of the Middle Paleolithic period.

Lower Paleolithic Acheulean tool users, according to Robert G. They decorated themselves with beads and collected exotic stones for aesthetic, rather than utilitarian qualities.

Fallio interprets Lower and Middle Paleolithic marking on rocks at sites such as Bilzingsleben such as zigzagging lines as accounts or representations of altered states of consciousness [73] though some other scholars interpret them as either simple doodling or as the result of natural processes.

Upper Paleolithic humans produced works of art such as cave paintings, Venus figurines, animal carvings, and rock paintings. The earliest explanation, by the prehistorian Abbe Breuil , interpreted the paintings as a form of magic designed to ensure a successful hunt. The anthropologist David Lewis-Williams has suggested that Paleolithic cave paintings were indications of shamanistic practices, because the paintings of half-human, half-animal paintings and the remoteness of the caves are reminiscent of modern hunter-gatherer shamanistic practices.

Archaeologists and anthropologists have described the figurines as representations of goddesses , pornographic imagery, apotropaic amulets used for sympathetic magic, and even as self-portraits of women themselves. Dale Guthrie [78] has studied not only the most artistic and publicized paintings, but also a variety of lower-quality art and figurines, and he identifies a wide range of skill and ages among the artists.

He also points out that the main themes in the paintings and other artifacts powerful beasts, risky hunting scenes and the over-sexual representation of women are to be expected in the fantasies of adolescent males during the Upper Paleolithic. The "Venus" figurines have been theorized, not universally, as representing a mother goddess ; the abundance of such female imagery has inspired the theory that Paleolithic and later Neolithic societies centered their religion and societies around women.

Dale Gutrie's hypothesis that served as "stone age pornography ". Testosterone, which has a powerful fat loss effect, is reduced whenever alcohol is consumed, thus halting its full potential as a fat burner. Also, testosterone as an anabolic hormone, contributes to gains in lean muscle mass. Lowered testosterone means fewer muscle gains, and less muscle means a lowered metabolic rate. A lower metabolic rate will make the job of losing fat all the more harder.

This is what governs the way we use energy. Those with a higher metabolic rate will burn more calories at rest. By interfering with testosterone production, alcohol indirectly causes the body to lower its metabolic rate and thus the rate at which it uses energy and directly prohibits testosterone from exerting its powerful fat-burning effects.

Touched on briefly in point two, alcohol can increase appetite, making the combination of alcohol and a fattening meal all the more worse.

A Canadian study showed that alcohol consumed before a meal increased caloric intake to a far greater extent than did a carbohydrate drink. Also, researchers from Denmark's Royal Veterinary and Agricultural University showed that if a group of men were given a meal and allowed to eat as much as they wanted, alcohol, rather than a soft drink, would increase the amount of food consumed. To gain an understanding of why alcohol affects us the way it does, it is important to known how it is processed in the body.

Alcohol is generally absorbed fairly rapidly, but its absorption can be quickened depending on several factors:. The amount of alcohol in a standard drink will take around 10 hours for the average person to process, which means the more that is consumed at any one point, the greater the rise in blood alcohol content. When the liver processes alcohol, it does so in one of two ways. For the most part, alcohol is broken down by the enzyme alcohol dehydrogenase ADH, which is contained in the liver cells.

ADH then metabolizes the alcohol into acetaldehyde. Acetaldehyde is broken down into acetate by another enzyme, aldehyde dehydrogenase. In the final stage, the acetate is further metabolized to where it eventually exits the body as waste products carbon dioxide and water. The other way alcohol can be processed is a less common alternative, which uses a different set of liver enzymes.

This alternative pathway, called the microsomal ethanol-oxidizing system, is used when the blood has very high levels of alcohol. The alcohol content of our most popular beverages varies, so it is important to know exactly what percentage of alcohol is in any given drink if one is wanting to limit all the empty calories.

The following percentages are usually contained in each standard drink—five ounces of wine, 12 ounces of beer or 1. If you really have to drink, what are the best choices? Some lower calorie brands to hit the market are showing promise, as are some of the more traditional alternatives. As shown above, total caloric content of various alcoholic drinks varies, with beer generally containing the highest number, considering the smaller amount of alcohol found in this drink compared with others.

Various spirits also known as liquor generally contain around 64 calories per nip, but these do add up depending on the strength of the drink for example, a double will contain two nips, or calories. Wine generally contains around to calories per medium sized glass. It also contains more alcohol than beer given the same volume, making it a better choice calorie-wise, as less would be consumed at any one sitting. Liqueurs, although usually around calories per nip, are often consumed with other, often-higher calorie mixers such as coke or milk to make cocktails, bumping the calorie content way up.

It is usually consumed nips at a time given its lower alcohol strength. It is definitely one worth avoiding if weight loss is the aim.