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We really very like Your Canterbury font, it could be used for graphics for our music? I would like to help him retire some day and also have enough to give to poor children and oppressed people groups living in poorer countries. I have only one question, what do you mean by personnel use only? Einen Geldpreis gibt es nicht und Sie werden selbstverständlich namentlich als Urheber der Schrift erwähnt. I would like to sell my drawings on Etsy.

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Aphrodite Pandemos , by contrast, is the younger of the two goddesses: Among the Neoplatonists and, later, their Christian interpreters, Ourania is associated with spiritual love, and Pandemos with physical love desire. A representation of Ourania with her foot resting on a tortoise came to be seen as emblematic of discretion in conjugal love; it was the subject of a chryselephantine sculpture by Phidias for Elis , known only from a parenthetical comment by the geographer Pausanias.

On Cyprus, Aphrodite was sometimes called Eleemon "the merciful". A male version of Aphrodite known as Aphroditus was worshipped in the city of Amathus on Cyprus. Aphrodite's main festival, the Aphrodisia , was celebrated across Greece, but particularly in Athens and Corinth. In Athens, the Aphrodisia was celebrated on the fourth day of the month of Hekatombaion in honor of Aphrodite's role in the unification of Attica.

Pausanias records that, in Sparta, Aphrodite was worshipped as Aphrodite Areia , which means "warlike". Aphrodite was the patron goddess of prostitutes of all varieties, [65] [48] ranging from pornai cheap street prostitutes typically owned as slaves by wealthy pimps to hetairai expensive, well-educated hired companions, who were usually self-employed and sometimes provided sex to their customers.

Scholars in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries believed that the cult of Aphrodite may have involved ritual prostitution , [70] [68] an assumption based on ambiguous passages in certain ancient texts, particularly a fragment of a skolion by the Boeotian poet Pindar , [71] which mentions prostitutes in Corinth in association with Aphrodite.

The ancient Romans identified Aphrodite with their goddess Venus , [77] who was originally a goddess of agricultural fertility, vegetation, and springtime. This syncretism greatly impacted Greek worship of Aphrodite. Aphrodite is usually said to have been born near her chief center of worship, Paphos , on the island of Cyprus , which is why she is sometimes called "Cyprian", especially in the poetic works of Sappho.

However, other versions of her myth have her born near the island of Cythera , hence another of her names, "Cytherea". According to the version of her birth recounted by Hesiod in his Theogony , [85] [86] Cronus severed Uranus' genitals and threw them behind him into the sea. In the Iliad , [91] Aphrodite is described as the daughter of Zeus and Dione. Aphrodite is consistently portrayed as a nubile, infinitely desirable adult, having had no childhood.

In Book Eight of the Odyssey , [97] however, the blind singer Demodocus describes Aphrodite as the wife of Hephaestus [96] and tells how she committed adultery with Ares during the Trojan War. Later stories were invented to explain Aphrodite's marriage to Hephaestus. In the most famous story, Zeus hastily married Aphrodite to Hephaestus in order to prevent the other gods from fighting over her. Aphrodite is almost always accompanied by Eros , the god of lust and sexual desire.

The fertility god Priapus was usually considered to be Aphrodite's son by Dionysus , [] [] but he was sometimes also described as her son by Hermes, Adonis, or even Zeus. The First Homeric Hymn to Aphrodite Hymn 5 , which was probably composed sometime in the mid-seventh century BC, [] describes how Zeus once became annoyed with Aphrodite for causing deities to fall in love with mortals, [] so he caused her to fall in love with Anchises , a handsome mortal shepherd who lived in the foothills beneath Mount Ida near the city of Troy.

Aphrodite, however, lies and tells him that she is not a goddess, [] but the daughter of one of the noble families of Phrygia. After the lovemaking is complete, Aphrodite reveals her true divine form. The myth of Aphrodite and Adonis is probably derived from the ancient Sumerian legend of Inanna and Dumuzid. Aphrodite found the baby, [] and took him to the underworld to be fostered by Persephone. In different versions of the story, the boar was either sent by Ares, who was jealous that Aphrodite was spending so much time with Adonis, [] or by Artemis, who wanted revenge against Aphrodite for having killed her devoted follower Hippolytus.

The myth of Adonis is associated with the festival of the Adonia , which was celebrated by Greek women every year in midsummer.

In Hesiod's Works and Days , Zeus orders Aphrodite to make Pandora , the first woman, physically beautiful and sexually attractive, [] so that she may become "an evil men will love to embrace". According to one myth, Aphrodite aided Hippomenes , [] [] a noble youth who wished to marry Atalanta , a maiden who was renowned throughout the land for her beauty, [] [] but who refused to marry any man unless he could outrun her in a footrace. The myth of Pygmalion is first mentioned by the third-century BC Greek writer Philostephanus of Cyrene , [] [] but is first recounted in detail in Ovid's Metamorphoses.

Aphrodite generously rewarded those who honored her, but also punished those who disrespected her, often quite brutally. In Euripides 's tragedy Hippolytus , which was first performed at the City Dionysia in BC, Theseus's son Hippolytus worships only Artemis , the goddess of virginity, and refuses to engage in any form of sexual contact.

Glaucus of Corinth angered Aphrodite by refusing to let his horses for chariot racing mate, since doing so would hinder their speed. Aphrodite cursed her, causing her to have children by a bear.

The resulting offspring, Agrius and Oreius, were wild cannibals who incurred the hatred of Zeus. Ultimately, he transformed all the members of the family into birds of ill omen. The myth of the Judgement of Paris is mentioned briefly in the Iliad , [] but is described in depth in an epitome of the Cypria , a lost poem of the Epic Cycle , [] which records that all the gods and goddesses as well as various mortals were invited to the marriage of Peleus and Thetis the eventual parents of Achilles.

The goddesses chose to place the matter before Zeus, who, not wanting to favor one of the goddesses, put the choice into the hands of Paris, a Trojan prince. All three goddesses were ideally beautiful and Paris could not decide between them, so they resorted to bribes. Aphrodite plays an important and active role throughout the entirety of Homer's Iliad. Aphrodite's most prominent avian symbol was the dove, [] which was originally an important symbol of her Near Eastern precursor Inanna-Ishtar.

Because of her connections to the sea, Aphrodite was associated with a number of different types of water fowl , [] including swans, geese, and ducks. A scene of Aphrodite rising from the sea appears on the back of the Ludovisi Throne c. During the Hellenistic and Roman periods, statues depicting Aphrodite proliferated; [] many of these statues were modeled at least to some extent on Praxiteles's Aphrodite of Knidos.

The Ludovisi Throne possibly c. Attic white-ground red-figured kylix of Aphrodite riding a swan c. Aphrodite and Himeros , detail from a silver kantharos c. Red-figure vase painting of Aphrodite and Phaon c. Apuleian vase painting of Zeus plotting with Aphrodite to seduce Leda while Eros sits on her arm c. Aphrodite Kallipygos "Aphrodite of the Beautiful Buttocks". Aphrodite Heyl second century BC.

Greek sculpture group of Aphrodite, Eros, and Pan c. Aphrodite of Milos c. Aphrodite of Menophantos first century BC. The Ludovisi Aphrodite of Knidos. The Lely Venus c. Early Christians frequently adapted pagan iconography to suit Christian purposes. Aphrodite is the central figure in Sandro Botticelli 's painting Primavera , which has been described as "one of the most written about, and most controversial paintings in the world", [] and "one of the most popular paintings in Western art".

Primavera late s or early s by Sandro Botticelli. Venus of Urbino c. Venus, Cupid, Folly and Time c. Venus and Adonis by Titian. Venus with a Mirror c. Venus, Adonis and Cupid c. The Toilet of Venus c. The Death of Adonis c. Jacques-Louis David 's final work was his magnum opus , Mars Being Disarmed by Venus , [] which combines elements of classical, Renaissance, traditional French art, and contemporary artistic styles.

I will put the date of my seventy-five years on it and afterwards I will never again pick up my brush. Paintings of Venus were favorites of the late nineteenth-century Academic artists in France.

Atkinson praised it, declaring that "Mr Leighton, instead of adopting corrupt Roman notions regarding Venus such as Rubens embodied, has wisely reverted to the Greek idea of Aphrodite, a goddess worshipped, and by artists painted, as the perfection of female grace and beauty.

Venus and Adonis by François Lemoyne. Venus Disrobing for the Bath by Frederic Leighton. Venus Verticordia by Dante Gabriel Rossetti. The Birth of Venus c. William Shakespeare 's erotic narrative poem Venus and Adonis , a retelling of the courtship of Aphrodite and Adonis from Ovid's Metamorphoses , [] [] was the most popular of all his works published within his own lifetime.

Lewis described an attempted reading of it as "suffocating". Aphrodite appears in Richard Garnett 's short story collection The Twilight of the Gods and Other Tales , [] in which the gods' temples have been destroyed by Christians. In the early twentieth century, stories of Aphrodite were used by feminist poets, [] such as Amy Lowell and Alicia Ostriker.

A Memoir of the Senses in , the name "Aphrodite" has been used as a title for dozens of books dealing with all topics even superficially connected to her domain. In , Gleb Botkin , a Russian immigrant to the United States, founded the Church of Aphrodite , a Neopagan religion centered around the worship of a Mother Goddess , whom its practitioners identified as Aphrodite.

Aphrodite is a major deity in Wicca , [] [] a contemporary nature-based syncretic Neopagan religion. The statuette portrays Aphrodite on the point of untying the laces of the sandal on her left foot, under which a small Eros squats, touching the sole of her shoe with his right hand.

The Goddess is leaning with her left arm the hand is missing against a figure of Priapus standing, naked and bearded, positioned on a small cylindrical altar while, next to her left thigh, there is a tree trunk over which the garment of the Goddess is folded. Aphrodite, almost completely naked, wears only a sort of costume, consisting of a corset held up by two pairs of straps and two short sleeves on the upper part of her arm, from which a long chain leads to her hips and forms a star-shaped motif at the level of her navel.

Traces of the red paint are evident on the tree trunk, on the short curly hair gathered back in a bun and on the lips of the Goddess, as well as on the heads of Priapus and the Eros. An interesting insight into the female ornaments of Roman times, the statuette, probably imported from the area of Alexandria, reproduces with a few modifications the statuary type of Aphrodite untying her sandal, known from copies in bronze and terracotta.

For extensive research and a bibliography on the subject, see: XCI; Kraus , nn. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the Greek goddess. For other uses, see Aphrodite disambiguation.

Han and his friends will divide it equally with the Rebels. Too bad for Han that the planet of Ylesia is far from a pushover, that the Rebels have an agenda of their own, and that smuggler friends can often turn into enemies…quicker than lightspeed. He began upgrading the freighter into a highly-specialized smuggling vessel, and also makes a brief stop with Chewbacca on the Wookiee home planet of Kashyyyk , where Chewbacca married Mallatobuck. Solo and Chewbacca then embarked on a series of adventures.

He was reluctant to aid his former love, who was planning an all-out attack against the slaving colonies on Ylesia.

Promised appropriate compensation, Solo, Calrissian, and Chewbacca take on the mission. In the aftermath of the battle, Tharen's troopers turned their blasters on Calrissian and the rest of Solo's friends, confiscating all valuables in the name of the Rebel Alliance. Angered, Han Solo threatens to kill Tharen if he ever saw her again. Defaced and branded a traitor back on Nar Shaddaa, Lando Calrissian refused to believe Solo was not involved in the swindle, and punched his former friend in the jaw.

Desperate for money, Solo and Chewbacca took a spice smuggling run from Jabba who had inherited his aunt's criminal empire through the Kessel Run. However, the duo were met mid-Run by an Imperial patrol, and were forced to abandon their cargo in deep space while the Falcon was searched and escorted to a nearby world. When they came back to look for the cargo, however, the two discovered it had disappeared. The smuggler tried to explain what happened, but Jabba — in a drug-induced haze — turned his back on Solo and demanded compensation for the lost spice.

Tharen and her squadron were all killed in the raid, but the plans were successfully transmitted. This was the "first victory" of the Rebels. On Tatooine , Han Solo tried unsuccessfully to arrange a personal meeting with Jabba, and became increasingly harassed by bounty hunters working for the crime lord.