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This may include Downline Volume. If you are serious about changing your health and nutritional habits around, even if you just use Herbalife to ensure that you and your family gets the best breakfast money can buy, then this is the option for you.

You may use up to 1, Downline Volume Points toward this qualification. There are 3 different ways by which you can qualify to the Supervisor position: Achieve 4, volume points in one month, of which 1, Volume Points must be unencumbered, i.

Accumulate 4, Volume Points over two consecutive months, with at least 1, unencumbered volume. From your own online Herbalife office at www. Your sponsor, Willem Kilian, has an online independent Herbalife training website at www.

When you read through the Herbalife Gold Starndard Guarantees when you join Herbalife, you will see that there are no minimum purchase requirements. You only order Herbalife products as and when you want to. Sponsoring new Herbalife members is not a requirement. If you have been a Herbalife distributor in the past, you can rejoin Herbalife now if you have been inactive for at least 12 months.

If you have formally resigned from Herbalife, it is 12 months from the date of resignation. If you have not formally resigned, but just failed to pay your yearly distributor fees, the 12 months start running from the date your yearly distributor fees were due. You pay for it in the currency of your country of residence. The Herbalife nutritional supplements provide your body cells cellular nutrition with all the nutrients it needs, in perfect balance, on a daily basis and in a very low calorie form.

It allows your body to perform at optimum levels. It allows you to control your weight and reshape your body. Gain energy and vitality. Add products tailored to your weight management goals. All the product information you require can be found in your myherbalife. Just log in and click on Product Catalog. The Herbalife nutritional supplements are food — not medicine.

If you can eat, you can use the Herbalife products. Si demain, je tombe amoureuse d'une femme, serait-il normal pour moi de vouloir l'embrasser et d'avoir des relations avec? Si je tombe amoureuse d'elle? Oui [ 82 ]! Au début de , Angelina Jolie fait l'objet d'un scandale hollywoodien très médiatisé, après avoir été désignée comme la cause du divorce des acteurs Brad Pitt et Jennifer Aniston.

Elle est accusée d'avoir eu une liaison avec Brad Pitt durant le tournage de Mr. Je ne pourrais pas me regarder le matin dans la glace si je faisais cela.

Je ne serais pas attirée par un homme qui trompe sa femme [ 82 ]. Bien qu'Angelina Jolie et Brad Pitt n'aient jamais commenté publiquement la nature de leur relation, des spéculations continuent de courir tout au long de l'année Le 11 janvier , Angelina Jolie confirme à People qu'elle est enceinte de Brad Pitt et confirme ainsi, pour la première fois en public, leur relation [ 43 ]. Le couple achète en une villa en Italie , près de Valpolicella [ 84 ].

Brad Pitt et Angelina Jolie se sont fiancés en avril Ils se sont mariés dans leur château de Miraval Var , France le 23 août Angelina Jolie est mère de six enfants, en date de Le 10 mars , Angelina Jolie adopte son premier enfant, âgé de sept mois, Maddox Chivan [ 15 ]. Il est né le 5 août au Cambodge , sous le nom de Rath Vibol, et vit initialement dans un orphelinat local, à Battambang.

Angelina Jolie décide d'adopter après avoir visité le Cambodge à deux reprises, pour le tournage de Tomb Raider et pour une excursion sur le terrain avec le HCR en Après son divorce de son second mari, Billy Bob Thornton, l'actrice obtient la garde exclusive de Maddox.

Tout comme les autres enfants d'Angelina Jolie, Maddox acquiert une célébrité considérable et apparaît régulièrement dans la presse people [ 87 ]. Angelina Jolie adopte une fille de sept mois originaire d' Éthiopie , Zahara Marley, le 6 juillet Zahara est née le 8 janvier Elle avait été nommée Yemsrach par sa mère [ 88 ] , et avait plus tard reçu, dans un orphelinat, le nom légal de Tena Adam [ 89 ].

Peu après son arrivée aux États-Unis, Zahara est hospitalisée pour déshydratation et malnutrition. En , les médias révèlent que sa mère biologique, Mentewabe Dawit, est vivante et voudrait récupérer sa fille. Le 19 janvier , un juge de Californie approuve la demande de Brad Pitt d'adopter légalement les deux enfants d'Angelina Jolie. Angelina Jolie donne naissance à un enfant, Shiloh Nouvel, à Swakopmund , en Namibie , après un accouchement par césarienne prévue, le 27 mai Brad Pitt confirme que Shiloh aura un passeport namibien [ 92 ] , et Angelina Jolie décide de vendre les premières photos de son enfant à l'agence Getty Images elle-même, plutôt que de permettre aux paparazzis de réaliser ces importantes photos.

People paie plus de 4,1 millions de dollars pour les droits en Amérique du Nord, alors que le magazine britannique Hello! Tous ces profits sont reversés à un organisme de bienfaisance dont le nom n'est pas révélé par Angelina Jolie et Brad Pitt. Le 15 mars , Angelina Jolie adopte un garçon vietnamien âgé de trois ans, Pax Thien [ 95 ] , qui est né le 29 novembre et qui avait été abandonné à sa naissance dans un hôpital local, où il avait reçu le nom de Pham Quang Sang [ 96 ].

Elle déclare que le nouveau prénom de son garçon, Pax, lui a été suggéré par sa mère avant sa mort [ 98 ]. Après des mois de rumeurs dans la presse people, Angelina Jolie confirme qu'elle attend des jumeaux au Festival de Cannes Elle donne naissance à un garçon, Knox Léon, et une fille, Vivienne Marcheline, après un accouchement par césarienne à la polyclinique Santa Maria de Nice , en France, le 12 juillet [ 99 ]. Les droits des premières images de Knox et Vivienne sont vendus conjointement à People et Hello!

L'argent va dans les caisses de la Fondation Jolie-Pitt [ ]. Sa mère, l'actrice Marcheline Bertrand , est décédée d'un cancer ovarien en à l'âge de 56 ans, tandis que sa grand-mère maternelle est morte à 45 ans d'un cancer de l'ovaire. Sa tante maternelle, Debbie Martin, qui avait le même gène BRCA1 défectueux, a été diagnostiquée d'un cancer du sein en et est décédée à l'âge de 61 ans le 26 mai Le 27 avril , Angelina Jolie a subi une chirurgie reconstructive impliquant des implants [ ].

D'après une étude du British Medical Journal , ces révélations ont été accompagnées d'une augmentation significative des dépistages du cancer du sein. Le 24 mars , à l'âge de 39 ans, elle annonce, dans une tribune publiée dans le New York Times , avoir subi une ovariectomie préventive la semaine précédente afin de réduire le risque de cancer ovarien, à la suite de la même anomalie génétique. Les nombreux tatouages d'Angelina Jolie attirent l'attention des médias et constituent un sujet récurrent dans les interviews de la célébrité.

Bien qu'elle ne soit pas opposée aux scènes de nudité au cinéma, le grand nombre de tatouages sur son corps contraint les cinéastes à faire preuve de créativité dans les scènes d'amour [ ]. Des produits cosmétiques sont utilisés pour masquer ses tatouages dans beaucoup des productions où elle joue. Elle a également sept séries de coordonnées géographiques sur la partie supérieure de son bras gauche, mentionnant les lieux de naissance de ses enfants et — d'après les magazines people — de son époux [ ] , [ ].

Vicky Jenson et Rob Letterman. Marjorie Frantz l'a également doublé à trois reprises. Au Québec , Hélène Mondoux est la voix française régulière de l'actrice [ ]. Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. Pour les articles homonymes, voir Voigt et Jolie. Liste des voix françaises d'Angelina Jolie. En France Françoise Cadol [ ] , [ ] dans: Tomb Raider Lara Croft: Les Secrets des cinq cyclones voix Kung Fu Panda: La liste indique les titres québécois.

Hélène Mondoux [ ] dans: Dans l'enfer du ghetto Couples à la dérive. Online , 17 septembre consulté le 29 août I love speaking russian. Showbiz , 19 octobre Sur les autres projets Wikimedia: Angelina Jolie , sur Wikimedia Commons. Pour toute information complémentaire, consulter sa page de discussion et le vote l'ayant promu. Actrice américaine Productrice de cinéma américaine Scénariste américaine Réalisatrice américaine Écrivain américain du XXIe siècle Naissance à Los Angeles Naissance en juin Oscar de la meilleure actrice dans un second rôle Golden Globe de la meilleure actrice dans une série télévisée Golden Globe de la meilleure actrice dans un second rôle Personnalité américaine d'origine canadienne Personnalité américaine d'origine française Personnalité américaine d'origine allemande Personnalité américaine d'origine tchèque Critics' Choice Movie Award de la meilleure actrice dans un second rôle Satellite Award de la meilleure actrice Screen Actors Guild Award de la meilleure actrice dans un second rôle Screen Actors Guild Award de la meilleure actrice dans une série télévisée Militant pour les droits LGBT aux États-Unis Actrice ayant incarné Lara Croft Élève du Lee Strasberg Theatre and Film Institute Personnalité ayant fait son coming out.

Catégorie Commons avec lien local différent sur Wikidata Article de Wikipédia avec notice d'autorité Identifiant Allociné nom identique sur Wikidata Article contenant un appel à traduction en anglais Portail: Espaces de noms Article Discussion. Navigation Accueil Portails thématiques Article au hasard Contact. La dernière modification de cette page a été faite le 14 septembre à En cas de réutilisation des textes de cette page, voyez comment citer les auteurs et mentionner la licence.

Politique de confidentialité À propos de Wikipédia Avertissements Contact Développeurs Déclaration sur les témoins cookies Version mobile. Américaine Cambodgienne [ 1 ]. Actrice , réalisatrice , scénariste , productrice , mannequin , philanthrope , écrivaine , ambassadrice de bonne volonté. Smith L'Échange Salt Maléfique. Je tiens sincèrement à apporter mon aide. Je ne crois pas que je me sente différente des autres personnes. Je pense que nous voulons tous la justice et l'égalité [ Enfants d'Angelina Jolie Prénom.

Glass Shadow Cyborg 2. Bat Out of Hell: Live with the Melbourne Symphony Orchestra. Joseph Bologna et Renée Taylor. Femme de rêve TV. Tomb Raider, le berceau de la vie. Taking Lives, destins violés. Capitaine Sky et le Monde de demain. La Légende de Beowulf. Mark Osborne et John Stevenson. Florian Henckel von Donnersmarck.

Jennifer Yuh Nelson et Alessandro Carloni. Au pays du sang et du miel. D'abord, ils ont tué mon père. Meilleure actrice dans un second rôle dans une série, une minisérie ou un téléfilm. National Board of Review Award.

Meilleure actrice dans une minisérie ou un téléfilm. Screen Actors Guild Awards. Meilleure actrice dans un second rôle. The market value for dietary supplements in Korea was approximately billion won million USD in year 1 , and personal spending was approximately , won USD per year in 2. One of the leading products in Korea's dietary supplements market is aloe. Aloe has been purported to have positive effects on wound healing, recovery from burn injury, cell growth, and immune modulation.

However, cases of aloe-induced toxic hepatitis have been reported since We report 3 cases of aloe-induced toxic hepatitis in Korea. Case 1 A yr-old female patient with a 2 month history of dyspepsia was presented to our department.

Past medical history and family history did not reveal any significant disease. She also used drugs for arthralgia intermittently for several years. She did not take any alcohol. She had taken aloe tablets containing mg of an extract of Aloe arborescens and On admission, the patient's physical examination was normal. Preparation of aloe which the patient had taken. A Container bottle and tablets.

B Packs of aloe extract. Anti-HBs IgG was positive. Autoimmune markers were all negative. Abdominal ultrasonography showed reduced echogenicity of liver.

Dilatation of intra- or extrahepatic bile ducts was absent. Liver biopsy revealed moderate portal infiltrates consisting of eosinophilis, neutrophils, and monocytes. There were inflammatory cell infiltration and acidophil body on the hepatic lobule. There was no bile stasis Fig. Histopathological findings of the liver. Aloe tablets was immediately discontinued. ALT as well as total bilirubin gradually returned to normal level over several weeks Fig.

Upon discontinuation of the oral aloe preparation, liver enzymes returned to normal level. Case 2 A yr-old female patient was presented to our department with a week history of fatigue. The patient did not take any alcohol or durgs. She had taken aloe powder containing mg of an extract of Aloe vera Fig. Physical examination revealed jaundice on her sclera. She was the sales person of the aloe product she was taking. Abdominal ultrasonography was normal. Liver biopsy revealed severe portal and lobular infiltrates consisting of neutrophils and monocytes.

There were several acidophilic bodies and ballooning cell change in hepatic lobule. There were bile-stasis and bile stained Kupffer cells Fig. Aloe extract was immediately discontinued. We explained to her about the aloe-induced hepatotoxity and advised not to take it anymore. However, the patient started taking the same aloe extract again 1 month after her discharge from the hospital. Since a hepatitis recurred after re-challenge of aloe extract, we could confirm her diagnosis as aloe-induced toxic hepatitis.

The type of liver injury was determined as 'hepatocellular' since R ratio was After re-challenge arrow , liver enzymes go up again. Six months later, the patient was presented to our department with a 2 week history of jaundice.

We recommended admission, but she refused to be admitted and she never visited our hospital again. Case 3 A yr-old female patient was presented to our department with a 3 month history of epigastric discomfort. The patient did not take any alcohol or drugs.

She had taken aloe extracts Fig. On admission, the patient's physical examination was normal except mild tenderness on epigastric area. Autoimmune markers were negative. Abdominal ultrasonography showed increased echogenicity of liver. After 4 days, she visited our department for follow-up. The major driving force for the growth of the dietary supplements market is the perception that 'they are safe because they are natural'.

However, the recently reported cases of hepatotoxicity induced by natural substances 8 indicate that natural substances may not be entirely safe. There are about species of aloe. Among them, particularly aloe vera has been used in phytomedicine. There have been positive reports on aloe vera as anti-inflammatory, anticancer, analgesic, anti-aging as well as liver protective.

But, clinical effectiveness of aloe vera was not sufficiently defined because there were no large and randomized studies 9. In , Korea's National Institute of Safety Research conducted an experiment on the efficacy and toxicity of aloe There was no difference of natural killer cell activity between the aloe vera gel treated and control animals. To observe the toxicity of aloe gel, rats were given the high dose aloe orally.

Any adverse effects were not detected in hematological test, serum biochemistry, and histopathological examination. There are no specific tests or diagnostic criteria for herbinduced hepatic injury. Careful history taking, laboratory finding, and histopathology are used to diagnose it.

The best way to determine causing agent is re-challenging. But it is not ethical and not applicable. Since patients usually do not regard dietary supplements as 'real' medicine, they may fail to mention it when physicians query medication history. Physicians should keep in mind that dietary supplements can be the cause of hepatotoxicity when querying medication history, and should educate the lay public. There are three types of acute liver injury by drug or herb Our cases are characterized as hepatocellular; there is a predominant initial elevation of the ALT level.

There are two proposed pathogeneses of drug induced liver disease It is more likely that an idiosyncratic immunological mechanism hypersensitivity is responsible for the cases. A role for hypersensitivity is further supported by the presence of eosinophilic granulocytes in the periportal fields seen in the biopsy. Hypersensitivity to aloe has been described in humans 14 , and the patch test or allergic skin test showed positive results Herb induced liver injury is an important problem in clinical setting, because it can be an etiology of undiagnosed acute hepatitis.

However, there are few available data about the incidence and clinical manifestation of dietary supplements such as aloe. Our cases emphasize that physicians should consider various dietary supplements as causative agents for hepatotoxicity.

Food and Drug Statistical Yearbook. Korea Food and Drug Administration. Aug, [accessed 0ct 27]. The survey for the actual condition of drug medication and development of health care cost associated with toxic liver injury in Korean: Acute hepatitis induced by an aloe vera preparation: Aloe vera-induced acute toxic hepatitis in a healthy young man.

Eur J Intern Med. Oral aloe vera-induced hepatitis. Criteria of drug-induced liver disorders. Report of an international consensus meeting. Vogler BK, Ernst E. Br J Gen Pract. Studies of the effectiveness and toxicity of aloe vera gel. The report of National Institute of Safety Research.

Clinical features and diagnosis of drug induced liver injury. Pathologic features of toxic and drug induced liver injury. A case of hypersensitivity associated with oral aloe agent. J Asthma Allergy Clin Immunol.

Herbalife, Liver, Hepatotoxicity, Weight loss products, Dietary supplements. Case 1 involved a patient who did not consume Herbalife products, while Cases 2 and 3 each reportedly consumed various Herbalife products.

Herbalife fundamentally disagrees with the conclusions made by the authors with regard to any cause and effect relationship related to the intake of Herbalife products. First, Herbalife is not a single product and no unique suspect product or ingredient has been implicated in this paper amongst the reported cases. In addition, the authors arbitrarily compared cases involving the use of a single product Hydroxycut with patients who consumed a group of totally unrelated products produced by the company Herbalife.

To bundle a brand of products such as Herbalife with another company that sells different products simply because they are all dietary supplements is not valid. Finally, there are specific considerations, in regard to the two patients who consumed Herbalife products, that would render many of the observations and conclusions discussed by the authors as speculative and unsubstantiated. The specific and factual points supporting these views are further detailed below. Case 2 describes a year-old female who developed symptoms of abdominal pain, mild nausea, and painless jaundice 1 mo prior to presenting at the hospital[ 1 ].

Several pertinent negatives were disclosed by the authors, including autoimmune markers and viral serology. According to the authors, the patient did not report any pre-existing medical conditions for which the onset had preceded the use of Herbalife products. This opinion contradicts repeated statements by the authors that acute liver injury in each case report was due to the use of herbal weight loss products.

In addition, the etiology of the pre-existing condition was not identified by the authors, and there was no discussion regarding the role of the condition in the acute onset of her symptoms. Furthermore, the dosage and frequency at which this patient consumed Herbalife products is unknown.

In the absence of the aforementioned data, the exclusion of possible differential diagnoses is not well-supported. Case 3 describes a year-old female who developed symptoms of painless jaundice and pruritus 3 wk prior to presenting at the hospital[ 1 ].

The authors further stated that the patient had not been prescribed any new medications, which implies that she may have been taking other agents concomitantly. However, information regarding the use of concomitant medications, or the conditions for which she may have been receiving treatment, was not disclosed. In addition to the absence of the aforementioned pertinent patient data, there are various refutable facts that remain in regard to the comments and conclusions made by the authors.

In their WJH article, the authors concluded that it was difficult to isolate a single ingredient or mechanism associated with acute liver injury for either patient consuming Herbalife products[ 1 ]. In an effort to discuss potential causative agents for the reported conditions in these patients, the authors extraneously reference previously published case reports involving Herbalife products, including those of two consumers who reportedly developed hepatotoxicity following exposure to Bacillus subtilis B.

In review of this reference, it has been noted that there were various critical deficiencies in the scientific methodology used to isolate B. Neither patient reported symptoms consistent with classical B. Furthermore, the investigators did not enumerate the levels of B. This was a crucial step missing in the reported investigation as all previous documented reports find that high levels of the organism must be consumed to cause illness.

Herbalife products, consumed by the patients described in the WJH article, to date show no evidence of B. This bacterium is actually ubiquitous in nature and generally recognized as safe with a history of safe use in food, and is considered to be safe for the production of enzymes or ingredients for use in food[ 3 ].

There have been reported cases of B. Therefore, it is highly unlikely that B. The WJH authors also suggest intentional or incidental contamination of Herbalife ingredients and identify various potential sources, including unrefined raw herbal extracts, heavy metals, pesticides, and additives[ 1 ].

However, some of the additives mentioned as potential contaminants by the authors e. In addition, authors also reference an article from that reviews possible contamination sources inherent to herbal remedies marketed without proper quality control measures in place[ 5 ].

Herbalife is not specifically implicated in the referenced article, yet the authors imply that Herbalife product contamination and lack of quality control contributed to the liver injury. Herbalife has rigorous processes in place concerning quality control, including extensive safety reviews based on existing literature for product ingredients, testing to confirm that labeled ingredients are present in finished goods, and to assure all tested ingredients meet product specifications on an ongoing basis.

In addition to complying with cGMP regulations, Herbalife acts in accordance with other generally recognized industry standards or requirements by sourcing and testing raw materials to further ensure that the final product complies with specifications for identity, purity, potency and contaminants. The authors also try to implicate the Camellia sinensis C. The most important safety consideration for green tea is the extraction method.

The historical data supporting the safety of green tea is based on the consumption of an aqueous extract over thousands of years, specifically, the typical three cups per day that are commonly consumed in Asian countries. Aqueous extracts of green tea are quite different from solvent extractions, which are commonly used to concentrate select fractions of green tea, such as EGCG or caffeine. Again, the WJH authors have not considered the clinical significance of potential differences in raw material processing amongst manufacturers, controls for contamination and identification of raw materials, and the implication of these differences when reviewing published case reports of liver injury.

In addition, the authors state that Herbalife has refused to provide detailed analyses of ingredients and formulations, although no attempt was made by these authors to contact Herbalife to obtain further information regarding Herbalife products or ingredients. Herbalife has, to date, remained compliant with all formal regulatory requests and requirements for product information. The authors state that significant liver injury induced by herbal supplements is a rare event[ 1 ].

This statement is true as approximately 20 to 50 percent of all cases presenting as hepatotoxicity are cryptogenic leading to the incidental association of liver disease with a group of products in the absence of specific evidence[ 5 ]. While this disease is the most common cause of drug withdrawal during post-marketing surveillance, it is an uncommon cause of liver disease.

The background incidence of hepatotoxicity in populations is clearly comparable to the reported incidence of immunoallergic and individualistic reactions to allergens in foods, supplements, or the environment. While the spectrum of liver diseases may well have changed since when this survey was done, idiopathic liver disease remains a significant percentage of all cases. Therefore, it is particularly important in making such associations to have incontrovertible evidence such as is often available for prescription drugs where, under controlled conditions, a cause-effect relationship can be established.

Finally, the authors also state that existing case reports of dietary supplement-induced hepatotoxicity include patients with pre-existing liver disease and that weight loss supplements could worsen such conditions in these patients.

In conclusion, the reference to Herbalife products as contaminated and generally comparable to all dietary supplements or weight loss products is not scientifically supported. Further information regarding patient histories, concomitant medications and other compounds, dechallenge results, and product specifications and usage is indicated to assess fully the association of Herbalife products in the WJH case reports.

Acute liver injury induced by weight-loss herbal supplements. The occurrence of new hepatic disorders in a defined population. Christopher Pascale Posted on Dec 21, Herbalife is a publicly traded company based out of Los Angeles, California. Since it has allowed people the opportunity to become independent sales reps with the opportunity to lead others to do the same in the form of multi-level marketing, or network marketing. Like any large organization with several decades of experience, there are some controversies behind this one.

Along with these legal matters are much more pressing health concerns. Several medical resources have found that Herbalife products may actually cause hepatitis. What is Hepatitis and How is it Caused? Hepatitis can be characterized as an inflammation of the liver. One visible symptom is jaundice, and less visible ones are lack of appetite and a feeling of overall discomfort. Hepatitis is typically caused by a virus, but it can also be caused by toxins when taken regularly, such as alcohol or an infection that is already present.

The question on many people's minds regarding Herbalife products would be, how could these products be linked to infecting those who take them? The answer is in the ingredients.

There has to be something toxic in some or all of the products released by the company, but it is hard to know which ones because the FDA does not regulate herbal supplements the same way it does medicine. This is why athletes find out via heart attack that ephedrine is not so great, and how health conscious people discover that they may be poisoning themselves the hard way, as reported in a article published in The Journal of Hepatology titled " Herbal Does not Mean Innocuous.

This is because some people go on the attack against networking companies because they think they are dangerous or terrible, and some governments are anti-capitalistic , so they would be against a company like Herbalife because they do not want their people to have too much freedom and control. In , 12 patients in Israeli hospitals with severe liver problems had one thing in common. They were taking an Herbalife supplement that aided digestion.

When their liver enzymes normalized, they resumed their normal regimen of the product and were sick again. The article noted from the European Journal of Hepatology had several sources, one of which was medical professionals from Switzerland. In it, the ten most severe cases covered showed two patients with "certain causality" while the other eight had "probable causality.

The objective here is not to demonize a company or industry, but to alert consumers that when Herbalife distributors pitch the quality of their products, they may be pitching high-end hepatitis.

And while the ingredients linked to causing disease in the past may have been rid of, it does not mean that today's products are safe. Without FDA interaction, humans are the test subjects for herbal supplements.

The best way to go when it comes to supplements is to use one with a long track record of not hurting its users.

On December 23, George Fischer and one of his doctors had a conference call with me. During the course of that conversation, they promised that they would send me information contradicting the reporting in the Journal of Hepatology.

No such contact has been made since. J Hepatol 0: Ten cases of severe hepatotoxicity associated with dietary. Contrary to the claims of many sellers of supplements including bad advice from health food stores , we should strive to get most of our nutrients from produce not pills, though there are rare diseases that require supplementation.

There are tens of thousands of phytonutrients in plants that can display synergistic effects and have not been successfully isolated efficaciously in supplement form. For example iron , which is important during pregnancy , may be harmful in pill form. Similarly, folate in beans and greens is preferable to folic acid in pills.

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